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[Act No. 3495, (1928-12-08)](https://lawyerly.ph/laws/view/l8b1d)
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[ Act No. 3495, December 08, 1928 ]

AN ACT GRANTING TO THE ROBERT DOLLAR COMPANY, A CORPORATION ORGANIZED AND EXISTING UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, A FRANCHISE TO CONSTRUCT, MAINTAIN, AND OPERATE IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS STATIONS FOR THE RECEPTION AND TRANSMISSION OF WIRELESS LONG DISTANCE AND PRESCRIBING THE CONDITION OF THE SAME.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philip-pines in Legislature assembled and by the authority of the same:

SECTION 1. There is hereby granted to the "Robert Dollar Company," its successors or assigns, hereinafter referred to as the "grantee," a franchise to construct, maintain, and operate in the Philippine Islands at such places as the said grantee may select, subject to the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Communications, stations for the transmission and reception of wireless messages for the following purpose:

(a) The sending of commercial wireless telegraphic messages from points within the Philippine Islands to points exterior thereto, including airplanes, airships, and vessels, even though such airplanes, airships, or vessels be located within the territorial limits of the Philippine Islands, and the receiving of commercial wireless messages from such exterior points.

Each station may consist of two plants, a sending station and a receiving station.

SEC. 2. Subject to the limitations and procedure prescribed by law, the grantee is authorized to exercise the right of eminent domain, in so far as may be reasonably necessary to further the establishment and efficient maintenance and operation of its radio stations and connecting them one to another, and, with the prior approval of the Governor-General, the grantee is authorized to construct-and maintain its works of public utility and service over and across public property of the United States, including streets, highways, squares, and reservations, and other similar property of the Government of the Philippine Islands and its branches.

SEC. 3. This grant and concession shall continue for a period of fifty years from the date the said stations shall be put in operation, and is made upon the express condition that the same shall be void unless the construction of at least one station be begun within one year from the date of the approval of this Act and be completed within two years from said date.

SEC. 4. With the exception of the privileges of transmitting and receiving wireless communications to or from points exterior to the Philippine Islands as herein before granted, all wireless communication between points or stations within the Philippine Islands is expressly reserved to the Government of the Philippine Islands.

SEC. 5. This franchise shall not take effect nor shall any; powers thereunder be exercised by the grantee until the' Governor-General  shall have allotted to the grantee the frequencies and wave lengths to be used thereunder and determined the stations to and from which each such frequency and wave length may be used, and issued to the grantee a license for such use.

The Governor-General on reasonable notice to the; grantee, may at any time change or cancel or modify in whole or in part any or all of the allotments of frequencies or wave lengths hereunder as well as any license issued hereunder to use such frequencies or wave length to and from any or all stations to and from which they may be used. He may take such action (a) whenever in his judgment such frequencies and wave lengths have been used or there is danger that they will be used by the grantee to impair or stifle, competition or to obtain a monopoly in electrical communication, or to secure unreasonable rates for such communication, or otherwise to violate the laws or public policy of these Islands; (b) whenever in his judgment the public interest of these Islands require that such frequencies or wave lengths should be used for other purposes than those of the grantee, either by the Government of the Philippine Islands or by other individuals or corporations licensed by it; (c) whenever in his judgment for any reason the public interests of these Islands so require.

The Governor-General is authorized to appoint, employ or make use of such boards or commissions or agents as in his discretion he may select, to investigate and determine the facts upon which he may act as aforesaid, and such boards, commissions, and agents shall have the right by compulsory process of subpoena, to summon witnesses, administer oaths, and take evidence.

SEC. 6. The stations of the grantee shall be so constructed and operated that a minimum of interference will result and the wave lengths selected with a view to avoiding interference with existing stations and to permit of the expansion of the grantee's services.

SEC. 7. A special right is reserved to the Government of the United States, in time of war, insurrection, or domestic trouble, to take over and operate the said stations upon the order and direction of any authorized department of the Government of the United States, the United States Government paying and compensating the grantee for the use of said stations during the period when they shall be so operated by the said Government.

A similar right is hereby reserved to the Government of the Philippine Islands, under similar circumstances and upon similar conditions, upon the order and direction of the Governor-General.

SEC. 8. The right is hereby reserved to the Government of the Philippine Islands, thru the Public Service Commission or such other officer as may be thereunto duly authorized, to fix the maximum and minimum rates to be charged by the grantee.

SEC. 9. The grantee shall keep a separate account of the gross receipts of the business transacted by it in the Philippine Islands, and shall furnish to the Insular Auditor and the Insular Treasurer a copy of such account not later than the thirty-first day of January of each year for the preceding year. For the purpose of auditing accounts so rendered to the Insular Auditor and Insular Treasurer, all of the books and accounts of the grantee, or duplicates thereof, so far as they relate to the business transacted in the Philippine Islands, shall be kept in the Philippine Islands, and shall be subject to the official inspection of the Insular Auditor or his authorized representatives, and the audit and approval of such accounts shall be final and conclusive evidence as to the amount of said gross receipts, except that the grantee shall have the right to appeal to the courts of the Philippine Islands and the Supreme Court of the United States, under the terms and conditions provided in the laws of the Philippine Islands and the Act of Congress " of August 29, 1916, and the words "gross receipts" are herein defined as the total receipts from sources within the Philippine Islands, less proportionate amounts belonging to connecting lines or stations.

SEC. 10. The grantee shall be liable to pay the same taxes on its real estate, buildings, and personal property, exclusive of the franchise, as other persons or corporations are now or hereafter may be required by law to pay. The grantee shall further pay to the Insular Treasurer each year, within ten days after the audit and approval of the accounts as prescribed in section nine of this Act, one and one-half per centum of all gross receipts from business transacted under this franchise by the said grantee in the Philippine Islands.

SEC. 11. The grantee shall hold the insular, provincial, and municipal governments of the Philippine Islands, harmless from all claims, accounts, demands, or actions arising out of accidents or injuries, whether to property or to persons, caused by the construction or operation of the station for reception and transmission of wireless message of the grantee.

SEC. 12. No private property shall be taken for any purpose by the grantee of this franchise without proper condemnation proceedings and just compensation paid or tendered therefor, and any authority to take and occupy land contained herein shall not apply to the taking, use, or occupation of any land except such as is required for the actual necessary purposes for which this franchise is granted.

SEC. 13. The grantee shall be subject to the corporation laws of the Philippine Islands now existing or hereafter enacted.

SEC. 14. The grantee shall not issue stock or bonds except in exchange for actual cash or for property at a fair valuation equal to the par value of the stock or bonds so issued, and shall not declare stock or bond dividends.

SEC. 15. It shall be unlawful for the grantee to use, employ, or contract for the labor of persons held in involuntary servitude.

SEC. 16. The franchise hereby granted shall be subject to amendment, alteration, or repeal by the Congress of the United States, and the rights to use and occupy public property and places hereby granted shall revert to the respective governments, upon the termination of this franchise, by such repeal or by forfeiture or expiration in due course. Unless earlier terminated by any such repeal or forfeiture, or extended, the franchise and rights hereby granted shall terminate by expiration of time fifty years after the date of the acceptance of this Act by the grantee.

SEC. 17. As a condition of the granting of this franchise, the grantee shall execute a bond in favor of the Government of the Philippine Islands, in the sum of fifty thousand pesos, in a form and with sureties satisfactory to the Secretary of Commerce and Communications, conditioned upon the faithful performance of the grantee's obligations hereunder during the first three years of the life of this franchise. If, after three years from the date of acceptance of this franchise, the grantee shall have fulfilled said obligations or so soon thereafter as the grantee shall have fulfilled the same, the bond aforesaid shall be cancelled by the Secretary of Commerce and Communications.

SEC. 18. Acceptance of this franchise shall be given in writing within six months after approval of this Act. When so accepted by the grantee and upon the approval of the bond aforesaid by the Secretary of Commerce and Communications the grantee shall be empowered to exercise the privileges granted hereby.

SEC. 19. The grantee shall not lease, transfer, grant the usufruct of, sell, or assign this franchise nor the rights and privileges acquired thereunder to any person, firm, company, corporation, or other commercial or legal entity, nor shall merge with any other company or corporation organized for the same purpose, without the approval of the Philippine Legislature. Any corporation to which this franchise may be sold, transferred, or assigned, shall be subject to the corporation laws of the Philippine Islands now existing or hereafter enacted, and any person, firm, company, corporation, or other commercial or legal entity to which this franchise is sold, transferred, or assigned shall be subject to all the conditions, terms, restrictions, and limitations of this franchise as fully and completely and to the same extent as if the franchise had been originally granted to the said person, firm, company, corporation, or other commercial or legal entity.

SEC. 20. The term Public Service Commission, as herein used, means said commission as from time to time constituted or any other governmental body as from time to time constituted, hereafter created in place of or in succession to said Public Service Commission.

SEC. 21. This franchise shall not be interpreted to mean an authorization to the grantee to engage in radio telephony.

SEC. 22. This franchise shall not be interpreted to mean an exclusive grant of the privileges herein provided for.

SEC. 23. This Act shall take effect on its approval.

Approved, December 8, 1928.

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