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[Act No. 1654, (1907-05-18)](https://lawyerly.ph/laws/view/l4ac3)
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[ Act No. 1654, May 18, 1907 ]

AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE LEASING OF RECLAIMED LAND FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES, FOR THE LEASING OF THE FORESHORE AND LANDS UNDER WATER, AND TO REGULATE THE CONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES OVER NAVIGABLE WATERWAYS.

By authority of the United Slates, be it enacted by the Philippine Commission, that:

SECTION  1. The control and disposition of the  foreshore  as defined in existing law, and the title to all Government or public islands made or reclaimed by the Government by dredging or filling for otherwise throughout the Philippine Islands, shall be retained by the   Government without prejudice to vested rights and without prejudice to rights conceded to the city of Manila in the Luneta Extension.

SEC. 2. (a) The Secretary of the Interior shall cause all Government or public islands made or reclaimed by the Government by dredging or filling or otherwise to be divided into lots or blocks, with the necessary streets and alleyways located thereon, and shall cause plats and plans of such surveys to be prepared and filed in the Bureau of Lands.
(b) Upon the completion of such plats and plans the Governor-General shall give notice to the public that such parts of the lands so made or reclaimed as are not needed for public purposes will be leased for commercial an application or applications for a lease or leases, the Governor-General shall designate and specify certain portions of the land for such use, and shall give notice by public advertisement that such applications have been made and that the Government will lease lots or blocks, to be specified in said advertisement, for commercial and business purposes, such leases to run for a period of ninety-nine years at a rental of three per centum per annum of the appraised value of the parcel of land leased, the appraisal to be made by the Director of Lands subject to approval by the Secretary of the Interior and conditioned that a new appraisal of said land so leased shall be made in the same manner ten years from the date of the lease and every ten years thereafter, and that the rental after such appraisal shall be based upon the new appraised value at the same rate per centum per annum.
(c)   If after any reappraisal a tenant shall consider the new Appeals by tenants valuation to be excessive, be shall have the right, within three months, to appeal to the Court of First Instance of the district in which the land is situated, and the said court is hereby given jurisdiction to determine the appraisal and fix a just valuation for the land for the period of ten years. Either party shall have the right to appeal from the Court of First Instance to the Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands: Provided, however, That the tenant shall pay rent on the basis of the reappraisal pending final determination of the matter by said Court of First Instance. Should the Court of First Instance determine to fix a valuation for the land lower than that fixed in the reappraisal the tenant shall be entitled to a refund of the excess rent paid by him on the basis of such reappraisal.
(d)   The lease of the said lands shall be executed by the Director of Lands and approved by the Secretary of the Interior, and shall specifically provide, among other things, that improvements thereon of a kind to be approved by the Consulting Architect, as provided in subsection (f) of this section, shall be commenced within twelve months of the date of the execution of the lease and shall be completed within a time to be fixed in said lease, and that in case of failure to make such improvements within the time prescribed by the lease or to comply with any or all of the terms and conditions of said lease the same shall thereupon be forfeited, and that all improvements made on the leased property shall vest in and become the property of the Government of the Philippine Islands: Provided, however, That the Governor-General may, in his discretion, and upon such terms as lie may prescribe, waive the forfeiture herein provided for, or extend the time within which said improvements shall be commenced and completed.

Every such lease shall also contain a provision for the payment of the tax or taxes levied on said land or improvements and providing that-upon the failure of the lessee to pay any such tax or taxes or 'any part thereof the lease shall forthwith cease and determine.

(e)   The ]eases above provided for shall be disposed of to the highest and best bidder therefor, subject to such regulations and safeguards as the Governor-General may by executive order prescribe.
(f)   Plans for buildings or improvements shall be approved by the Consulting Architect, and no buildings or improvements shall be permitted until such approval has been obtained in writing Such improvements shall also be subject to the ordinances of 'the proper municipality.   In case of difference the dispute between the consulting Architect and the lessee, final decision shall be made by the Governor-General.

SEC. 3. (a) The original cost of the construction of streets, alleyways, and curbing on such reclaimed lands shall be borne by the Insular Government. The cost of putting in sewers and water mains and keeping in repair the streets, alleyways, and curbing constructed at the expense of the Insular Government shall be borne by the municipality in which such lands are situated, and it shall be the duty of such municipality to maintain and keep in repair streets, alleyways, and curbing constructed by the Insular Government as herein provided.
(b) 'Franchises for the use of said streets and alleyways on said . lands for private or public purposes may lie granted by the Insular Government or, subject to the approval of the Governor-General, by the municipality in which said lands are situated. Franchises granted under this section for the construction and operation of street railways, electric light and power, and telephone lines shall be subject to the provisions of the law then in force governing all such franchises.

SEC. 4. All lands leased under the provisions of the foregoing sections of this Act, and all improvements thereon, shall be subject to local taxation against the lessees, their heirs, executors, administrators, successors, or assigns, to the same extent as if such lessees, their heirs, executors, administrators, successors, or assigns, were the owners of both land and improvements.

SEC. 5. Upon receipt of an application or applications for the lease of any portion of the foreshore or lands under water in the Philippine Islands for the purpose of erecting and maintaining wharves, docks, piers, marine railways, or other appropriate structures, and upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Commerce and Police, the Governor-General may designate and specify such portions of the foreshore or lands under water for such use, and shall give notice by public advertisement that such applications have been made and that the Government will lease such portion of the foreshore, to be specified in said advertisement, for wharves, docks, piers, marine railways, or other appropriate structures for a term not to exceed ninety-nine years, with the right on the part of the lessee to erect and maintain such wharves, docks, piers, marine railways, or other appropriate structures, or to make such other beneficial use of such leased foreshore or lands under water as may be specified in the lease, subject, however, to all vested rights or easements of owners of lands adjacent, to such foreshore or lands under water.

SEC. 6. The lease mentioned in the. section immediately preceding shall, among other things, contain the following provisions:
(a)  For the payment by the lessee, his heirs, executors, administrators, successors, or assigns, of an annual rental, which shall be fixed at not less than one per centum of the appraised value of the improvements which the lessee, his heirs, executors, administrators, successors,  or assigns, may  be authorized to make by the case. Such appraisal shall be made in the same manner and subject to the same conditions as provided by this Act in the case of a lease by the Government of made or reclaimed lands.
(b)  That plans and specifications of all wharves or other marine structures;, authorized by the lease shall be subject to the approval of the Director Jt)i Navigation.
(c)  That on  the termination of the lease or any extension thereof, . all the improvements made by the lessee, his heirs, executors, administrators, successors, or assigns, shall vest in and become the property of toe
(d) For the regulation by the Secretary of Commerce and Police of all rates and fees charged to the public, and for the submission to him annually for approval of all tariffs of such rates and fees.
(e) For the continuance of the easements of the coast police and other easements reserved in the Law of Waters now in force in the Philippine Islands.
SEC. 7. Upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Commerce and Police and the approval of the Governor-General, every steam and Police and the approval of the Governor-General, every steamship company granted a lease of the   foreshore as hereinbefore provided may, by proper condemnation proceedings, acquire, for the purpose of erecting wharves or other structures for the better handling of its steamship business, land not under water adjacent to the foreshore for which such company obtained a lease.

In order to secure the approval of the Governor-General, such steamship company shall file with the Secretary of Commerce and Police an application stating in detail the situation and extent of the land desired, the nature and extent of the wharves or other structures to be erected on the land not under water adjacent to the foreshore, and the character of the business and use to which the applicant desires to put such land.

SEC. 8. In order to encourage municipalities and provinces to construct wharves, piers, docks, and other structures for the convenience of shipping, the Insular Government, through the Bureau and municipalities, of Navigation, shall, without cost, provide such municipalities and provinces with plans and specifications for the construction thereof.

SEC. 9. The public good requiring the speedy enactment of this bill, the passage of the same is hereby expedited in accordance with section two of "An Act prescribing the order of procedure by the Commission in the enactment of laws," passed September twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred.

SEC. 10. This Act shall take effect on its passage.

Enacted, May 18, 1907.

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