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[US v. GERVASIO SANTIAGO ET AL.](http://lawyerly.ph/juris/view/c399?user=fbGU2WFpmaitMVEVGZ2lBVW5xZ2RVdz09)
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[ GR No. 1365, Dec 29, 1903 ]

US v. GERVASIO SANTIAGO ET AL. +

DECISION

3 Phil. 112

[ G. R. No. 1365, December 29, 1903 ]

THE UNITED STATES, COMPLAINANT AND APPELLEE, VS. GERVASIO SANTIAGO ET AL., DEFENDANTS AND APPELLANTS.

D E C I S I O N

MCDONOUGH, J.:

The defendants, Gervasio  Santiago, Narciso  Paras, Sotero Abelino,  and Espiridion Filipino, were convicted in the court below of the robbery and assassination of three American  marines, viz, Leander  W. Sundblad, Nicholas P. Johnston,  and John P. Conde, at Olongapo, Province of Zambales,  on  the  21st of  September,  1902,  and Sotero Abelino was  sentenced to life  imprisonment, and on the four other defendants the penalty of death was imposed. The facts proved show that the three men who were assassinated  employed the defendants,  Sotero Abelino and Espiridion Filipino,  on the evening  of  September 20,  1902, at the town of Olongapo, to act as guides.  The marines had been journeying from Subic and were on their way to Manila.

These two guides, on that same evening, met the other three defendants and entered  into a conspiracy and plan with them to ambush these marines and to murder  and rob them.

On the morning of September 21, the guides and the three Americans started on their journey from  the barrio of Binictican toward Dinalupijan, and, while crossing the river at the second ferry, where the other three defendants were awaiting them, the marines were attacked by all the defendants, with bolos, and  were killed.  The bodies were dragged to the woods  on the shore and left unburied.  All the money the deceased had, amounting to about 100 pesos, was taken by the defendants and divided among them.

In January, 1903, word reached the officers of the Constabulary that this crime had  been committed, and an investigation was begun, which resulted in the arrest of the defendants.

They all freely and without force, threats, or promises confessed that they had  committed the assassination and robbery in question.

These  confessions were made to Constabulary officers, to the justice of the peace at  Subic, and to the auxiliary justice at Olongapo.

These confessions were corroborated by the testimony of other witnesses and by the  finding of the remains of the deceased at a place pointed out by the defendant Gervasio Santiago and within two and a half hours' walk from the presidencia of Olongapo.

These remains consisted of three skulls and of bones of the legs,  and the skulls showed distinct cuts or wounds in the backs of the  heads and  no cuts  in front, except one, which had part of the jaw cut away.

The three Americans were unarmed and were attacked in the rear.

We have examined all the evidence in the case carefully, and have no doubt whatever of the guilt of the defendants.

The judgment of the court below is therefore confirmed, except as to the defendant Sotero Abelino, who at the time of the commission of the crime was only seventeen years of age, and who was sentenced to imprisonment for life.   The extenuating circumstances of age must be considered with respect to this defendant, who is accordingly sentenced to twenty years of cadena temporal, with the corresponding accessories.   The defendants herein are  also  condemned to the payment jointly and severally of an indemnification of 1,000 Mexican pesos to the heirs of each of the deceased, and each of the defendants  is furthermore condemned to the payment of a third of the costs.  The judgment, thus modi fled, is affirmed.

Arellano,  C.  J.,  Torres,  Cooper, Willard, Mapa,  and Johnson, JJ., concur.


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