H. N. Bull was the... master of a steam sailing vessel known as the steamship Standard, which vessel was then and there... engaged in carrying and transporting cattle, carabaos, and other animals from a foreign port... to the port and city of Manila... the said accused H. N. Bull... on or about the 2d day of December, 1908... did... carry, transport, and bring into the port and city of Manila, aboard said vessel, from the port of Ampieng, Formosa, six hundred and seventy-seven (677) head... of cattle and carabaos, without providing suitable means for securing said animals while in transit, so as to avoid cruelty and unnecessary suffering to the said animals... that by reason of the aforesaid neglect and failure of the accused to provide suitable means for securing... said animals while so in transit, the noses of some of said animals were cruelly torn, and many of said animals were tossed about upon the decks and hold of said vessel, and cruelly wounded, bruised, and killed.
It is contended that the information is insufficient because it does not state that the court was sitting at a port where the cattle were disembarked, or that the offense was committed on board a vessel registered and licensed under the... laws of the Philippine Islands.
whether the court had jurisdiction over an offense of this character, committed on board a foreign ship by the master thereof, when the neglect... and omission which constitutes the offense continued during the time the ship was within the territorial waters of the United States
No court of the Philippine Islands had jurisdiction over &n offense or crime committed on the high seas or within the territorial... waters of any other country, but when she came within 3 miles of a line drawn from the headlands which embrace the entrance to Manila Bay, she was within territorial waters, and a new set of principles became applicable.
The ship and her crew were then subject to the jurisdiction of the territorial sovereign subject to such limitations as have been conceded by that sovereignty through the proper... political agency. This offense was committed within territorial waters.
The offense, assuming that it originated at the port of departure in Formosa, was a... continuing one, and every element necessary to constitute it existed during the voyage across the territorial waters. The completed forbidden act was done within American waters, and the court therefore had jurisdiction over the subject-matter of the offense... and the person of the offender.
The defendant was found guilty, and sentenced to pay a fine of two hundred and fifty pesos, with subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency, and to pay the costs.
Every state has complete control and jurisdiction over its territorial waters.